Euro Med Association Agreements

2 Over the past 15 years, important research has been carried out on the EMFTA and how to assess the development of a free trade area. Several studies have focused on “results indicators” and examined the evolution of trade between the EU and the CNCs or the exchanges between MNCs. In general, these studies have shown that trade between the EU and the Mediterranean region is less restrictive [5], which has led to an increase in trade between the two regions [6], but that trade between MNCs remains rather limited. [7] However, it is quite difficult to assess the impact of ACTION/EPI on this trade development, just as WTO agreements, CNC reforms and international and endogenous economic factors have played an important role in this regard. [8] Other studies have focused on the impact of EU trade measures on the MNC economy, such as .B assessment of the economy`s impact on the impact of the impact on sustainable development (AAA) that the European Commission itself had ordered. This study showed that economic prosperity could be expected to improve both in the EU and in the Mediterranean basin, as a result of the creation of ceMTA, but that there could be negative social and environmental consequences if additional measures are not taken, such as the increase in unemployment.B. [9] Unlike these studies, which focus on the outcome and effects of the EMFTA and thus focus on economic factors, this article will examine the political causes of the slow implementation of the EMFTA. As a result, the targets set in 1995 will be compared to actual results and the focus will be on “achievement” indicators, i.e. on the free trade regimes currently in place. 7200, the Council has decided to start negotiations on the liberalisation of agricultural products with the MDCs.

The development of the situation at the international level has stimulated this reflection with a view to opening up market access on the European side. During the WTO negotiations between Uruguay (1986-1994) and the Doha Round (2001), the EU has already had to make some important concessions on agricultural trade. Pending a further increase in imports of agricultural products from third countries, the EU reformed its Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) in 2003 and 2004. This has also enabled the EU to make significant concessions on the free trade of agricultural products using MNCs. [19] In addition, MNCs such as Morocco and Tunisia would face the loss of preferential access to agriculture to the EU market due to developments at the international level and the absence of additional EU market access obligations, a phenomenon known as “preferential erosion”. [20] As a result, agricultural liberalization agreements have already been concluded with Egypt, Jordan and Israel. Negotiations with Morocco and Tunisia are ongoing, but they are making difficult progress.

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